Education – Articles


Thursday 08 March 2018 14:00GMT [CWSN] Kesia Qulu

Twenty two Years of foreign invasion twelve million kills 18,300 United Nations peacekeepers and still war.

For decades the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has enjoyed anything but democracy, political wars, social structural destruction and poverty are in fact all that ring true. Research tells that the catalyst to the problem was instigated by the Rwandan genocide, which occurred in 1994 where killings of over 800.000 nationals took place through the hand of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) under the command of Paul Kagame, a U.S. military trained militant hosted by the Ugandan regime. The shooting of the aeroplane carrying two heads of state among which were Mr Juvenal Habyarimana, the Rwandan president and Cyprien Ntaryamira, the president of Burundi from a reconciliation meeting in Tanzania. Due to mass murders most Rwandan nationals fled into the neighbouring countries especially the DRC.

The influx of the Rwandan refugees into the DRC was a combination of civilians (including children, pregnant women and aged people), former military trained personnel and former government officials who carried with infrastructure in the form of weapons, vehicles, money etc. The refugees remained at the borders of Rwanda and the DRC while negotiations of entry between the DRC officials and the United Nations were underway making them easy target by forces that took over power in Rwanda. Howard French, New York Times Associate Professor Columbia Graduate School of Journalism said: “Millions of Congolese have lost their lives as a result of the crisis we have been discussing and no sustained  and enterprise reporting from the media of the world, and the UN knew it almost in real time. The UN knew, the U.S Government knew it. I believe other governments knew it as well. They did not make an effort to investigate those who were involved … Because many policymakers felt guilty.”

The entering of the Rwandan refugees into the DRC caused vulnerability to the country’s state security as among members who illegally entered the DRC territory were former Rwandan army members called: “Interahamwe” who were chased from power by the overwhelming majority of RPF, a makeup of the Tutsis tribe. According to regional and international experts involved in the conflicts within the region, the unfolding of events triggered the plot, which laid ahead the invasion and current destabilization of the DRC.  As a result, officials in positions of influence are those who have been imposed from the Rwandan government. While there has been numerous peace accords (approximately 52 from 2001 to today) in honour of the DRC globally, the respect and implementation has proved unsuccessful. Regional and International Electoral Observing Missions have reported constant rigging of elections both in 2006 and 2011, which leave its nationals outside of the spirit of democracy and encourages the perpetuation of killings and violence by neighbouring countries accomplishing their own agenda and that of western nations.

For 15 years since 2002, the United Nations has deployed a total of 18,300 peacekeepers whose aim is to arrive in war stricken countries and through civilian and military representatives maintain peace and stability. This is by far the reality, instead we observe an even greater number of humankind perishing before our eyes daily.  According to the 2005 Mapping Report, there were more than 5 million kills through violent outspreads in the country, which today has seen an escalation of 12 million deaths. The head of the United Nations Mission in Congo (MONUSCO) says that the problem faced by the country can only be resolved in having a democratic government: ‘’The problem of the Congo cannot be solved by military or security means, it is a political economic and social problem’’, says General Derrick Mgwebi from South Africa.

In contradictory response to the statement given by Derrick Mgwebi, Dr Diaku Dianzenza from Apareco sustained: “The DRC does not have any democratic problem. Instead, it is a victim of foreign neighbouring nations and western interests looting, killing, raping and sabotaging our economy for them to maintain their rule over our resources by violence, which we do not agree with”. The final aim of the recurrent destabilisation of the DRC is to implement a Tutsi Empire led by Paul Kagame and Yoweri Museveni to include countries such as: DRC, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Tanzania and the entire horn of Africa controlled by the Tutsi Power. Back